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Engineering studies of the LNG infrastructure at the Port of Livorno


The main objective of the basic studies has been to analyse the LNG receiving system, the LNG storage and local distribution system, the LNG ship bunkering system and the LNG non-ship refuelling system in the for the port of Livorno.

The study of LNG receiving system for the Port of Livorno has assessed either the possible use of the existing (OLT – Offshore LNG Toscana floating re-gasification unit) and planned (e.g. Sardinia coastal storages) import terminals or via the LNG bunkering ship as commonly defined for the Tyrrenian-Ligurian grid.

Similarly to the other Tyrrenian-Ligurian ports, the LNG ship-bunkering system could be represented by the LNG bunker ship for larger volumes (medium and large ships e.g. cruises and ferry vessels) or by tank trucks and ISO container tanks to be transported by rail or sea for smaller volumes (small ships, e.g. tugboats and harbour vessels).

Concerning the storage and local distribution system, the basic design focused on the Livorno port coastal terminal of Costiero Gas Livorno with a flexible and scalable capacity up to 9.000 m3 of LNG and with dedicated ship and tanker truck loading bays to refuel both ships and land vehicles.

Finally, as concerns the LNG non-ship refuelling system, the study envisaged the basic and standardised design of a prototype system that will be able to refuel LNG trucks that could be located either in the port area or in the extended port hinterland. Furthermore, the system for long-distance LNG distribution will serve as weel the Tyrrhenian-Ligurian grid which comprises several small ports close to Livorno and islands, including Sardinia.

Within the basic studies, the update of the potential LNG demand in the medium-long term for the Livorno ferry market and the preparatory activities for the establishment of the Simulation and Training Center have been carried out.

Thanks to the GAINN4MOS contribution, a main milestone has been achieved: on the 16th of June 2016, Gas & Heat obtained the first-ever permission, achieved with the new rules set-out by the AFID national transposition law, to build and operate an LNG small scale system in the Mediterranean.

With the purpose of sharing the main studies results and feedbacks and to foster the LNG uptake in the Mediterranean trough the dissemination of the lessons learned from the GAINN4MOS experience, an executive summary report and dissemination material will be available in this section of the website soon.